In a civil parade in Pirai do Sul (PR) to mark the two hundredth anniversary of Brazil’s independence, black and brown children dressed up as slaves, turning the nation’s liberation commemoration right into a racist demonstration. The parade, which befell final Sunday (18), was filmed and quickly posted on the social networks of the City Hall, which eliminated the video shortly after being accused of racism and have become the goal of an investigation by the Ministry of Public Affairs and the Public Defender’s Office of Paraná. .
The procession on Avenida Bernardo Barbosa Milleo splits into wings, and a float representing the Portuguese royal household options solely white children, wearing interval costumes and carrying swords. Pedro Álvarez Cabral’s caravels have been depicted by a boy in white, carrying a telescope inside a speedboat, with the purple cross of Portugal hanging from the again. However, on Earth, solely black children are wearing rag-like clothes and their fingers are tied in faux chains, representing the period of slavery.
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In the evaluation of the lawyer Antonio Leandro, the picture of the march is itself a racist picture. “In the telling of German historical past, is there a parade depicting Jews killed in gasoline chambers throughout World War II? Why would they do that with black slavery, which had a a lot worse demise toll than the Holocaust?” he asks.
In an announcement, the Pirai City Hall mentioned that the aim of the occasion was to save lots of “civic values” and “develop a way of belonging for all residents of Pirai” and that “at no time was it described as an act. crime in opposition to blacks, nor contempt for human dignity.”
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However, Leandro cautions that the illustration of black children as slaves might instill in them the concept that they may all the time be marginalized and inferior in comparison with whites. “What does this symbolize within the creativeness of a seven- or nine-year-old youngster as he varieties his reminiscences?” “He does not wish to go to high school on September 7, as a result of he’s bullied by different children, known as a slave and subjected to different insults.”
In the lawyer’s evaluation, there are two essential issues of Brazilian training: the accountability of the state for not making ready academics to show Afro-Brazilian historical past in a optimistic manner and the shortage of sensitivity of academics to hunt the development of training in a optimistic manner. extra plural and anti-racist.
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Therefore, the lawyer believes that discrimination and structural racism are additionally causes for dropping out of faculty. According to Pnad Contínua of the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), on this sense, greater than 70% of Brazilians between the ages of 14 and 29 drop out of faculty.
Antonio Leandro additionally explains that even the Brazilian training system nonetheless doesn’t acknowledge the function of black individuals within the historical past of the nation, within the sense of negation and sometimes cited to elucidate the interval of slavery in Brazil. “In 2003, Law 10,639 established that every one private and non-private colleges should train the historical past of African tradition. “It took a regulation to inform training managers, ‘look, to know the social construction of the nation, you must perceive the historical past of 53 % of the Brazilian inhabitants,'” he lamented.
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Still, the lawyer cites for instance the historical past of Quilombo dos Palmares, which is taught in historical past books not as a “nation in Brazil” however as a “refuge for fugitive slaves”, with its personal political and financial system and construction. it lasted greater than 100 years. “They had an entire inside tradition and economic system, the nation was dominated by the aged as state royalty, and Zumbi dos Palmares was not the one chief, however the final,” he says.
Furthermore, Antonio Quilombo explains that Palmares had sufficient autonomy to barter immediately with the King throughout colonial Brazil, from gold to agricultural manufacturing. “It’s a distinction informed from the viewpoint of a black man in African historical past,” he says.
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The Ministry of Public Affairs and the Public Defender’s Office of Paraná, in flip, realized that there was a transparent manifestation of racism within the Pirai do Sul parade, and due to this fact launched an investigation into the case. The prosecutor’s workplace mentioned in a memo that it’s going to examine the case involving minors in secret, whereas the Public Defenders mentioned they’re contemplating opening a public civil case in opposition to the perpetrators.
According to lawyer Antonio Leandro, the motion focuses on civil-administrative legal responsibility, which solely supplies for a cloth penalty (by imposing a financial superb) or a “efficiency obligation” similar to fixing the error and figuring out counter-propaganda. racist act..
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However, Leandro says it should take greater than a public civil motion to unravel the issue. According to the lawyer, based on Law 7716, these accountable for figuring out whether or not slaves shall be represented within the parade shall be criminally accountable for racial discrimination. “The training division ought to be held accountable by means of the accountable trainer and the college principal guilty the conduct and perspective, whether or not it’s racially discriminatory intent or culpability,” he explains. .
The coordinators of the Center for Civil and Human Rights (NUCIDH) and the Center for Children and Adolescents (NUDIJ) of the Public Defender’s Office assessed the demonstration as “unacceptable”. NUCIDH spokesman Antonio Vitor Barbosa de Almeida mentioned that “civility and equality ought to be promoted, not reinforce stereotypes, within the civil march celebrating Brazil’s independence.”