Elections are round the nook and the proof is stark: empty election time on TV and radio, election campaigns on September 7 (albeit banned), scattered political rallies right here and there, hate speech and pretend information on social networks. Yes, certainly, the election is close to.
Thanks to artwork. According to Article 77 of the Federal Constitution, the presidential election might be held on 22.10.22, alongside with the elections of senators, federal deputies, state on the first Sunday of October (and on the final Sunday of October, in the 2nd spherical, if any). deputies and governors. And whereas many voters do not perceive that voting is a democratic train (disaffected mentally or politically), some look to authorities applications for motivation to justify their selections.
In Brazil, voting is obligatory from the age of 18, however 16-year-olds can vote if they need. It is about encouraging voluntary lively citizenship and political duty.
However, if children do not vote (ages 0 to 12) and solely a small share of younger adults can vote (these over 16, registered with the electoral fee and who really need to), why have elections? to do with them?
Considering that Brazil ought to give absolute precedence to children and adolescents, all the pieces associated to it; if we’re certain that this can be a constitutional determination and that it’s not only a suggestion to the elected.
In Brazil, all persons are equal earlier than the regulation with out distinction (Article 5, hood CF), nevertheless, after this formal equality is exceeded, constitutional choice is given to children and adolescents in relation to different topics of regulation. True, many are unaware, however the children’s society (from 0 to 18 years) is the “privileged recipient” of all the elementary rights and different particular rights of the group.
Unfortunately, little is claimed about it, however Brazilian children and youngsters, or foreigners dwelling in the nation, are high-class individuals. situation particularly in contrast to different individuals, resembling younger individuals1 (15 to 29 years previous), adults (18 years and older) and senior residentstwo (over 60 years of age) and ought to have a precedence place each in the improvement of public coverage and in the implementation of rights and ensures.
You could also be asking your self: How? Why is that this a precedence?
The reply is straightforward: as a result of that’s what WE needed in 1988 when, on behalf of the members of the National Constituent Assembly, we promulgated the Federal Constitution, which expressly supplied for such a precedence in the arts. 227: “Providing children, adolescents and younger individuals is the duty of the household, society and the state. with absolute precedencelife, well being, vitamin, training, leisure, vocation, tradition, dignity, respect, freedom and household and neighborhood coexistence, in addition to their freedom from all types of neglect, discrimination, exploitation, violence, cruelty and oppression forms of safety.
Therefore, it was the determination of the authentic founding authority to open the new constitutional construction of Brazil, which formally and clearly reveals the intention to worth children and adolescents in a differentiated method as topics of necessary rights in the creation of social and financial stability. the way forward for all societies, together with current and future generations3.
Despite all this, sadly, there isn’t a unanimity amongst the presidential candidates concerning the absolute precedence, and solely a small a part of the 12 candidates for this place included of their authorities plans the want to enhance and strengthen the system of guaranteeing the rights of children and adolescents. and , even those that predict do not essentially apply on this sense based mostly on their historical past.
Reflecting on the significance of the matter and so as to increase public consciousness earlier than going to the elections, Portal Lunetas, in partnership with the Alana Institute, selected what every candidate would describe of their state plans for children and adolescents.4.
A priority that arises when studying authorities plans is that proposals are restricted to structural points, symbolic and mass media, with out correctly conceptualizing and implementing public coverage in a complete and significant approach with different authorities applications. In addition, polls present that presidential candidates do not take into account how they need to deal with the difficulties of financing and articulation with states and municipalities, all of which point out that they aren’t necessary to their agenda.
Who is aware of, this matter could be adequately explored by the candidates in the following debates based mostly on the calls for of kid and youth safety actors, actors on this subject of exercise and even public opinion demanding compliance. with constitutional orders.
Again, the presentation and implementation of public insurance policies to guarantee the rights of children and adolescents is not only an election proposition or a proposal to candidates, it’s a clear and overriding constitutional mandate that no elected official could be exempted from, whether or not they’re supplied or conferred. cannot. as a result of in his authorities plan.
For this cause, the Migalhas Infância e Juventude column couldn’t clear up the downside, though with no political-party place, as a result of even when children and adolescents do not vote, they’re “due to this fact” the direct recipients of public insurance policies. referred to as “representatives of democracy”, ought to be restored as quickly as potential5 and strengthening investments in children and youth.
1 Article 16 of Law 12.852/13, §1. accessible right here. Access 09.12.2022.
3 According to IBGE information, the variety of children and adolescents between zero and 19 years of age dwelling in Brazil in 2021 was 69 million, which is 33% of the whole inhabitants. Available right here. Access 09/21/2022.
5 Available right here. Access 09/21/2022.